One of our most beautiful native ferns, the Royal Fern produces a rosette of soft blue-green to green fronds that are deeply cut into rounded to lanceolate leaflets producing a medium to soft textured clump forming perennial. This is a moisture and shade loving fern and it tolerates more sun where it has a consistently moist soil. Clusters of erect, green to blue-green fertile fronds that mature to a cinnamon brown add to the Royal Ferns mystique in late spring and summer.
Normally growing to about 3' in height in wet soils it has been known to reach nearly 6' high. The Royal Fern is widely distributed across the eastern half of the US where it occurs near bogs and streams. Winter deciduous.
Grows To: 2-3'H x 2-3'W, larger in wet soils
USDA Cold Hardiness Zones: 4,5,6,7,8
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Outdoor Light: Light shade, Shade, Morning sun, Full sun*
pH Range: Acidic, Mildly Acidic, Neutral
Soil & Moisture: Moist, well-drained, acidic to neutral, humusy soils.
Deer Resistance: Not Likely to Be Bothered
Native To / Origin: US - Eastern and Canada
View this species in the USA Plants database
See our Planting A New Plant, How To, and General Growing Guide for basic planting, potting, and watering instructions
Container Size: Quarts